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Why is kelp important to humans

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FAQ: Why are kelp forests considered important to our

Kelp Benefits: Boost Your Health with Seawee

Kelp contains a mineral called vanadium that could help people with Type 2 diabetes. Early studies using animals and humans have shown that it can help regulate blood sugar. Researchers need to.. Hereof, why are kelp forests important for humans? Kelp serves as an ecosystem foundation: feeding and sheltering diverse ocean species. They're a vital habitat for schools of fish. Kelp forests also reduce coastal erosion and serve as a buffer against strong storm-born waves In fact, kelp, a form of seaweed, has made its way into kitchens of health-conscious people all over the world — and that's perfectly OK with me. Considered by many to be a superfood because of its wide variety of nutrients, kelp has been a staple of several Asian cultures for centuries. While its popularity in the western world is a more.

Why are Kelp Forests Important? Despite the many purposes kelp forests serve for marine life, they are also beneficial to humans. Due to their dense nature, kelp forests help to reduce coastal erosion and damage. Specifically, kelp forests can help to be a buffer during intense storms While some people see kelp as smelly, irritating detritus deposited on beaches as a plague to their enjoyment, this seaweed has an important role in our ecosystem

The kelp forest along the coastline of Southern California also helps us humans in a many surprising ways too. Since kelp forest typically grows close to shore, it acts as a barrier to buffer the power of currents and waves. This helps slow erosion along our coastline and prevent loss of sand from our beaches Giant kelp and bull kelp also play an important role in protecting coastal areas in California, Oregon, and Washington—for example, by mitigating the effects of climate change and improving water quality—and helping to sustain the fishing and tourism economy Iodine is an important trace mineral that promotes healthy metabolism, which makes kelp a premier aid to weight loss. With the help of the amino acid tyrosine, your thyroid converts iodine into the hormones T3 and T4, both of which help regulate the body's metabolism. Some people even take kelp to treat thyroid imbalance Kelp is extraordinarily rich in alkaline buffering nutrients such as sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium. It is also a phenomenal source of chlorophyll to boost blood cell formation and purify the body (1, 2). 1. World's Most Potent Sources of Iodine Nutrients: Sea kelp is a natural source of vitamins A, B1, B2, C, D and E, as well as minerals including zinc, iodine, magnesium, iron, potassium, copper and calcium. In fact it contains the..

7 Health Benefits of Kelp (Seaweed) + Side Effects

Action is required now to bring back California's once-abundant kelp forests. They are foundational to ocean ecology and biodiversity, providing food, habitat and shelter for many fish, marine mammals and other sea life. The iconic plants that can shoot more than 100 feet from the ocean floor are nearly synonymous with sea otters, who wrap themselves in giant kelp to keep from floating away as. Kelp is therefore a balancing food and this may be one reason why it seems to work so well with so few problems, in our experience. The yang quality of kelp does, however, make it a more powerful therapeutic food, and this could be one reason why it causes more reactions than eating broccoli, for example

Kelp: Health Benefits, Nutrients per Serving, Preparation

  1. why are kelp forests important to humans. Posted February 26, 2021. Share on Social Media:.
  2. Kelp looks like a tree, but it is a large brown algae. Kelp is known for its size, it can grow up from the ocean floor and reach about 262 feet in length and grow as fast as 1.5 feet a day. Kelp does not have roots. Instead it secured by holdfasts to a rocky seafloor. It will grow as deep as light is available for photosynthesis
  3. To better understand how a kelp forest works, it is important to understand the basic kelp structure. At the bottom of the kelp are the roots of the kelp or what is known as the holdfast. This root-like structure enables the kelp to attach itself to a rock. Next is the stipe, or the stem of the kelp
  4. Kelp is an important food source for humans and animals around the world. In Asia, Europe, and Australia, kelp has historically been used not only as a food source, but also as fertilizer and a component in gunpowder. Algin, a substance found in the cell walls of kelp, is an efficient thickening, stabilizing, suspending, and gelling agen

Why is the kelp forest important? - FindAnyAnswer

  1. Kelp survival is positively correlated with the strength of the substrate. The larger and stronger the rock on which it is anchored, the greater the chance of kelp survival. Winter storms and high-energy environments easily uproot the kelp and can wash entire plants ashore
  2. The Company prepares a 5-grain tablet form of kelp for human consumption and the seaweed is also prepared granular form. A number of years ago the late Dr. Weston A. Price Cleveland, Ohio, internationally known for his work relating to the cause of dental decay, came to Barre to discuss with me my years of study of native Vermonters living.
  3. People with thyroid issues should not have more than an average daily recommended intake of 158 to 175 micrograms of kelp per day, Dr. Nasr says. The concentration of kelp in foods is generally not enough to cause a problem, but a kelp capsule can contain as much as 500 micrograms, he says

Kelp Benefits, Nutrition Facts and How to Use - Dr

Kelp: Why We Should Eat More According to Fisherman, Restaurateur and Dock To Dish Co-founder Sean Barrett Relying on a baseline of your own experience is important, because often people read about the changing climate in books or magazines, or hear about it on TV or radio, and it doesn't seem real. But if you have experienced something. Kelp - Why Iodine can change the world. Home - I-Index - Types of Iodine -Kelp. Kelp has small amounts of iodine, which can be used to help prepare or support our body for The Iodine Protocol. Kelp also has various other nutrients, including but not limited to: Vitamin K1: 55 percent of the daily value (DV) Folate: 45 percent of the DV The wonders of kelp, and why we need to save it. September 29, 2016. 'Deforestation of the Sea: A closer look at valuable kelp forests in shallow seas around Britain' by Jess Fisher. 'I can only compare these great aquatic forests with the terrestrial ones in the intertropical regions Kelp forests are home to hundreds of species of fish and shellfish, which may be stabilized or destabilized by changes in kelp synchrony. Dead kelp that washes ashore after storms is vital to several species of shorebirds that are threatened by human activities. We will be exploring how the synchronous growth or loss of kelp affects these animals

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Kelp is a type of seaweed known for its rich iodine content. It is available as a dietary supplement in the form of capsules, powder and teas. It is commonly marketed for thyroid support. You should use caution when taking kelp supplements. Excess iodine from kelp can cause adverse health effects. Consult your doctor before taking kelp supplements Kelp can benefit people deficient in iodine, a nutrient that promotes proper thyroid function and plays a role in growth, energy and metabolism. Although sea kelp is safe to eat in plant form, taking sea kelp supplements can be dangerous. They contain concentrated doses of heavy metals that occur naturally in kelp, but can be toxic to humans in. Why kelp? Kelp is an ecologically and economically important foundation species in California, where forests line nutrient-rich, rocky bottom coasts. including animals people depend on for. Kelp forests provide a variety of commercial and ecosystem services to humans. Harvesting kelp began on a large scale during World War I, when it was used as a source of potash to make gunpowder. During that time, removal was unregulated and highly destructive to the surrounding habitat Back on shore, Doall's partner, Chris Gobler, the Endowed Chair of Coastal Ecology and Conservation at Stony Brook, explained why kelp is such an important asset in the fight against climate change

Kelp holdfasts are important habitats for a range of animals. Of all the parts of the kelp plant, the holdfast has the highest diversity of species that can feed, shelter and live there. The sheltered nooks and crannies of a kelp holdfast are typically home to between 30 and 70 different species - and many hundreds of individual animals The air we breathe: the ocean produces over half of the world's oxygen and absorbs 50 times more carbon dioxide than our atmosphere. Climate regulation: covering 70% of the Earth's surface, the ocean transports heat from the equator to the poles, regulating our climate and weather patterns. Transportation: 76% of all U.S. trade involves some form of marine transportation Some kelp forests are so large they can be seen from space. organism Any living thing, from elephants and plants to bacteria and other types of single-celled life. How do kelp forests help humans? They provide many ecological benefits. Kelp serves as an ecosystem foundation: feeding and sheltering diverse ocean species Many people see potential, however, for farmed kelp to play a bigger role in the development of more sustainable feed for farmed livestock and fish in the future. The biggest challenge to moving all of this forward is a lack of processing infrastructure to get kelp from farm to customer, whether that customer is a farmer in need of fertilizer.

What is a Kelp Forest? - American Ocean

  1. There are giant viewing areas on the ocean floor that lets us view the giant forest. . Humans help preserve the kelp forest as much as they can. They harvest the kelp for various products and foods. During World War I they harvested the kelp to make potash for gun powder and fertilizer. We helped re-grow the kelp forest when El Niño occurred
  2. By eating large quantities of purple sea urchins, otters off the coast of California are helping preserve kelp forests. Otters have helped protect patches of kelp, an example of how important ecosystems are in the natural world. In an ecosystem, predators known as a 'keystone species' help control populations of prey
  3. Silicon content in Norwegian kelp can nourish the hair roots and promote the healthy hair growth. People who consume seaweed or kelp regularly tend to have better hair growth and it also prevent them from baldness. 10. Maintain healthy thyroid gland. This one is one of important benefits of Norwegian kelp
  4. In fact, the iodine found in kelp—and iodine's relationship to thyroid function—is one of the main reasons people use kelp, according to Roberts. Iodine deficiency is one common cause of hypothyroidism, in dogs, which can disrupt heart rate, body temperature and, most notably, metabolism. Kelp may help boost a dog's iodine levels and.
  5. People have been fired up, and that is a crucially important element, he says. Kelp has a particularly short harvesting window, and once landed, it has to be kept cold or it will turn.
  6. Kelp is culturally important for Pacific Northwest tribes. Kelp features in many of the story traditions of Coast Salish peoples and has been used as part of fishing, hunting, and cooking practices. Continuing practices and traditions is critical to human wellbeing

The Importance of Kelp - The Santa Barbara Independen

Kelp and seagrass play a significant role in keeping our air and oceans clean, and have the potential to do much more if efforts to protect and enhance kelp forests continue to gain popularity. The clean technology experts at Green Development LLC explain how kelp and seagrass help us, the current threats to these species, and why humans need. The only exceptions are those places where people eat a lot of seafood AND seaweed both. These people, living in places such as Japan, are generally healthier, and may only need 3 kelp capsules daily. It is surprising to me that they need some kelp, because they ingest a lot of iodine, but they generally do need a supplement

Why is the ocean important to humans? The air we breathe: The ocean produces over half of the world's oxygen and absorbs 50 times more carbon dioxide than our atmosphere. Climate regulation: Covering 70 percent of the Earth's surface, the ocean transports heat from the equator to the poles, regulating our climate and weather patterns Kelp Forests In Danger. May 4, 2021 at 9:10 am. Numerous natural impacts, as well as human activities, affect kelp forest environments. The factors influencing kelp forest stability are diverse: kelp harvesting; grazing by fishes, sea urchins, and crustaceans; plant competition; storms; El Niño events; sedimentation; and pollution Corn growers can choose from a wide array of products to make the most of their crop, but the latest could bring seaweed extract to a field near you. The marine product is just one class in a.

The Importance of Giant Kelp Dana Whar

Kelp supplements may decrease the risk of formation of blood clots, strokes, and heart attacks. Diabetics are at an increased risk for blood clot formation, which makes kelp supplements particularly important in these people. Everyone else. The general health-promoting effects of kelp may be claimed by anyone Humans and orcas share much in common. As humans, female orcas give birth for the first time at 14 or 15 years old. As humans, single young are usually born; although a set of twins is possible - but rare. Orcas gestation period is between 15 to 18 months. Mortality on calves is high: 40% of orcas die in the first six months of life Ultimately researchers say, warming ocean waters are expected to take a toll on the world's kelp forests. The 2016 paper, coauthored by 37 scientists, concluded that kelp forests are increasingly threatened by a variety of human impacts, including climate change, overfishing, and direct harvest What Is Algae? The word algae generally refer to a wide array of plants that share the name though not closely related. Although the exact origin of the word algae is unknown, the singular form, alga, is a Latin word that refers to seaweed.Some etymologists have theorized that the term algae may have its roots in the Latin language from the word algēre, which refers to the cold

Why Endangered Species Matter. The Trump administration has proposed to strip the gray wolf of its endangered status. The Endangered Species Act (ESA) was established in 1973 to protect imperiled species and the ecosystems upon which they depend and help them recover. The Trump administration has put forth a number of proposals that would. Plankton are the principal producers of atmospheric oxygen. The sea world of fish, the floor of corrals, the mollusks, eels, water snakes and millions of marine animals from worms to crabs to giant sea creatures depend on plankton. Plankton are devoured in vast numbers and are the vital first link in the oceanic food chain Without the discovery of how to make ammonia, NH4, a significant proportion of the human race would not be in existence today. Vaclav Smil's 2001 book, Enriching the Earth - Fritz Haber, Carl Bosch, and the Transformation of World Food Production.. Another important reason why dogs stand to gain from consuming kelp is the effect it has on fleas. A large number of canine owners desperately search for a flea control solution in order to save their companions from these tiny creatures

Kelp forests Dense forests of algae where kelp is predominant are called kelp forests. These are characterized by long, thin, brown and red algae that can grow up to several metres long. Kelp forests mainly occur off the west coast of America, the coast of Argentina, the west coast of Africa, and off Australia and New Zealand Seaweed (such as kelp, nori, kombu, and wakame) is one of the best food sources of iodine . Other good sources include fish and other seafood, as well as eggs (see Table 2). Iodine is also present in human breast milk [2,5] and infant formulas . Dairy products contain iodine

Bring Your Group | Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre

No Kelp Forests. Sea otters are an iconic species, representing the beauty and diversity of marine life found along California's coastline. They're also considered a keystone species because of their critical importance to the health and stability of the nearshore marine ecosystem. They eat sea urchins and other invertebrates that graze on. Remove or cross out the kelp beds, fish, and people as you go, in order to illustrate the effects of extinction. You can also search for the images you need to construct the diagram on an Internet search engine. Review with students your statement about how animals are important to animal folktales, and ask them to make comparisons between the. Kelp is also used in creating various items like paints, plastics, textiles and cardboards. Common Side Effects (In Humans) While too much kelp on cats can contribute to thyroid problems, over consumption on humans can also have negative effects. The side effects of kelp vary from one person to another People know how important coral is. That's why there are numerous efforts to regrow damaged coral reefs for conservation and sustainability. One method used is the enacting of laws to create Marine Protected Areas. These are areas where human activity is limited to prevent the waste and secondhand destruction that it can cause

5 Reasons to Protect Kelp the West Coasts Powerhouse

  1. g the continental slope. The neritic zone is shallow, reaching depths of about 200 meters (660 feet)
  2. Researchers: Culture drives human evolution more than genetics. In a new study, University of Maine researchers found that culture helps humans adapt to their environment and overcome challenges.
  3. Giant Kelp - Channel Islands National Park . NPS Photo. Marine plants and algae provide food and shelter to fish and other marine life, but they are not just important to aquatic ecosystems; they provide about 70 - 80 percent of the oxygen on Earth, making them extremely important in our everyday lives as well
  4. This is an area that is very new to most people and almost a little daunting. Dog food brands have never focused on pH levels before and all the scientific lingo can make it difficult to understand. Nevertheless, pH balance in dogs is very important if you want your dog to be fit and lead a long life
  5. However, the giant kelp in Tasmania is struggling. Almost all of it has died because of warmer sea temperatures and a new invasive species of sea urchins. They eat kelp and can create underwater.
  6. s and
  7. Kelp is used to make many products: toothpastes, shampoos, salad dressings, puddings, cakes, dairy products, frozen foods, and even pharmaceuticals. Kelp farms allow growers to make use of existing aquaculture resources in their areas. Algin, an emulsifying and bonding agent, is extracted from kelp and used in these products. Kelp is also used.

Kelp: Benefits, Side Effects & Dosage BulkSupplements

  1. Commercial kelp harvesting is potentially the greatest threat to long-term kelp stability. It has supported a multitude of industries over the past century. From the extractions of kelp during World War I for potash to the modern use of kelp for food additives and pharmaceutical products, kelp has proven to be a dynamic and highly demanded product
  2. Kelp is a brown seaweed that grows as big as a tree in the ocean. Kelp doesn't have roots like most plants do, but anchors itself to the ocean floor through a system called a holdfast. This.
  3. The health benefits of kelp include its ability to regulate the thyroid gland, improve the metabolism, lower the risk of cancer, and help in weight loss.It promotes hydration, protects against radiation poisoning, strengthens the bones, balances the pH levels, and boosts immunity.It also helps control diabetes, reduce inflammation, and boost blood circulation and maintain healthy skin
  4. Kelp play an important role for the oceans. They are the foods and shelter for a thousand species of marine creatures. So, although they become commercial food products, taking kelp in a large amount is really prohibited. Kelp are not only needed for the human, but also the other creatures. Be considerate to other creatures on the planet
Kelp Forest--Aquatic Biology - Home

Kelp need our help. Which is why an unprecedented alliance of scientists, fishers, surfers, entrepreneurs, and experts is coming together to revive California's vital kelp ecosystem, decimated. For humans, kelp has high concentrations of potassium, magnesium, iodine and a bunch of vitamins. More important, Mr. Smith noted, is that investing in kelp is an instrumental part of food.

6 Major Health Benefits of Sea Kelp For Energy and Metabolis

Although kelp is clearly important as a food resource to some organisms on the reef, its structural effects are important and far reaching. RELATED New coral sowing method could inspire large. Why are kelp forests considered important to your understanding of marine ecosystems? A kelp forest is an ecosystem in itself. Many animals use these massive forests to shelter their young from.

It's important to not overdo kelp supplements because there is a risk of getting too much iodine for some people, which could result in elevated thyroid levels. However, most people don't get enough iodine in their diets due to highly processed diets, so there is room to add more seaweed into your diet for most people Can you explain how kelp, sea urchins, and sea otters impact one another within the kelp forest ecosystem? How have humans impacted this relationship? 1. Most abundant grazer - sea urchins. - Eat kelp holdfasts, eventually separating the kelp from the rocks. 2 Urchins have few predators to regulate population So it's really about educating people what the kelp forest ecosystem is, and why it's important, and the whole entire cycle, not just out in the ocean and underwater, that slimy stuff that grabs my ankles when I swim over it, but it's also part of the beach, coastal ecosystem On the other hand, kelp can be an excellent source of the mineral. It also has other vitamins and minerals that make sure you can still keep yourself healthy. Moreover, it is a common occurrence for people on a low-carb diet to suffer from constipation. As mentioned, kelp is a fibrous material and can act as a mild laxative. Kelp and Hypothyroidis

Kelp, which most of us refer to as seaweed, may be an important tool in the quest to limit the effects of a warming planet. Much of the carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere by humans. Kelp forests have also served an important function in human survival for thousands of years. For instance, the canopies would act as a sort of buffer that protects ancient fishermen from rough weather conditions that may occur in the open waters. Further, the kelp canopies also served as a guide of sorts so as not to get lost

Sea Otters Are Not Just A Pretty Face

Sea Kelp: Benefits you should know about the 'super

This plant and has recently become an important part of certain nutritious lifestyles.As this review of seaweed and kelp related studies explains, while most tests have been done on animal subjects, the number of human studies is increasing, and the results have generally been positive Sea kelp is also very rich in iron and a plethora of other vitamins and minerals. This is the reason why sea kelp for hair is beneficial for some and useless to others, even dangerous. The reason for your hair loss or hair diseases is important to consider. People can suffer from hair loss and diseases due to a deficiency of iodine and iron Kelp habitats. Kelp's fast growth rates make it an important primary producer, supplying food into nearshore and intertidal marine habitats. Some animals, such as sea-urchins, shells and small crustaceans, feed directly on kelp, however, most consumers benefit through the breakdown of detached kelp plants

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The findings have important implications for the design of California's Marine Protected Areas. In an article published in the May 26 issue of Science, researchers describe the first study to compare the top-down versus bottom-up human influences on the food chain of the kelp forest ecosystems These, along with over harvesting by humans, can drastically alter kelp forest; however, the most notorious destructive culprit is the sea urchin . Sea urchins (pictured above) are herbivorous invertebrates that eat kelp holdfasts and can destroy entire forests in a rapid amount of time and are one of the leading causes of kelp forest loss Thyroid, Adrenal and Pituitary Glands. Kelp is rich source of iodine.Iodine is an element necessary (at least in trace amounts) to prevent a condition called hypothyroidism in dogs and cats (it is called goiter in human beings).. The rich mix of iodine and other trace minerals in kelp makes it an ideal supplement to keep your cat's entire glandular system, particularly the thyroid, adrenal. Kelp is a large greenish-brown plant that can grow more than 45 metres tall. It has many leaves, called blades, which are shaped like swords. To grow so tall, each blade at the top of the kelp splits into two. At the base of these blades, the plant has bladders, little ball-shaped pods that are filled with air and gas Humans are the biggest threat to sea otter populations. Direct conflict with humans, through shootings, fishing gear entanglements and boat strikes, take a toll on sea otters, but oil spills, pollution, disease and loss of kelp pose major threats

What is kelp? Everything you need to know about this

When they discovered Sea otters off California in the thirties it was like they discovered dinosaurs, because they thought they were extinct. Otters are crucial in keeping kelp forests healthy and thriving. And, even if you live far from the Pacific Ocean, that matters to you because kelp forests are one of the ocean's great carbon sinks; they help mitigate the effects of climate change Among human activity-related factors affecting kelp forests, the most important ones are pollution and climate change. Climate change is warming and acidifying (by increasing the carbon dioxide. Umami: why the fifth taste is so important. The strong savoury flavour that makes everything from spag bol to Marmite so hard to resist may serve a vital evolutionary purpose. We could even use it.

Why it's a good idea to protect our underwater kelp

What Kelp Forests Can Do for the Climate. One of the last patches of giant kelp off the coast of southeastern Tasmania. Cultivating algae empowers coastal communities while storing CO2 deep underwater. This article originally appeared in Ensia and is published here with permission. Sixty years ago, Tasmania's coastline was cushioned by a. other ways that kelp forests could be damaged, such as by human activity, but the presence of sea otters seems to be a constant in areas with healthy kelp forests and other algae deposits. Sea otters keep kelp forests in tact by feasting on sea urchins (Kvitek et al. 1998). A major part of a sea urchin's diet consists of kelp. Without sea otter PLAY. Why would it be important to understand what controls the number and types of species in an ecosystem? all life is contained in ecosystems and is dependent on other organisms; every organism is interrelated. Prior to the 1960s, what did people think controlled the number of herbivores in a food web

Kelp's Mighty Role in Our Ocean - Ocean Conservanc

Kelp beds buffer coastlines from storms and sequester carbon as effectively as tropical rainforests. One of the kelp forest's most endearing denizens, the sea otter, is an important key to its. Clearly people as a whole don't see wild animals as important except as an asset to exploit for financial gain which is why the planet is going through the 6th mass extinction. Many people don't care if they exist because humans are in general too removed from nature Planners, scientists, and coastal dwellers have now come to value them as the remarkably diverse and important ecosystems they are. Mangroves, seagrass beds, and coral reefs work as a single system that keeps coastal zones healthy. Mangroves provide essential habitat for thousands of species. They also stabilize shorelines, preventing erosion.

Why Kelp Is the Superfood That'll Actually Help You Lose

Kelp forests also play an important role in the lives of modern humans by providing a broad range of ecosystem goods and services of great social, economic, and ecological value (figure 1; Vásquez et al. 2014, Bennett et al. 2016, Blamey and Bolton 2017). These goods and services arise as direct contributions from the kelp forests (e.g., kelp. Fortunately for kelp forests and the marine animals that depend on them, the sea otter is one of the few predators that can crack the urchin's hard shell. A 2012 study led by Christopher Wilmers of the University of California, Santa Cruz, found that when otters were present, carbon storage in kelp forests from British Columbia to Alaska.

The Asian Surfgrass is an important part of the ocean that helps to clear the waters by absorbing carbon. Moreover, when they were once can still be found in China, fishers used this plant as roof for their houses. Unfortunately, people prioritise the kelp aquaculture for food, fertilisers and other uses Kelp is a natural source of amino acids; it is 25% protein with only 2% fat in this sea veggie. Kelp is known for its iodine, which is important for healthy thyroid function. While other plants from the sea are nutrients for dogs, kelp contains 60 different minerals and vitamins and 21 amino acids, making it a great ingredient to have in dog food Urchins on the Pacific seafloor, including purple sea urchins, are important prey for sea otters and sea stars. Pacific purple sea urchins are also eaten by humans. The meat inside, known as uni in Japanese,2 is considered a sushi delicacy, and the demand for this delicacy has been growing in recent years Why Isn't Kelp Catching On? 01/16/2021. For the past several years, members of the food community and environmentalists alike have looked to kelp, a type of seaweed, as the shiny future of food. For humans, kelp has high concentrations of potassium, magnesium, iodine and a bunch of vitamins. For Mother Earth, kelp doesn't require irrigation. And that's possibly why the kelp forest decline is more severe in Northern California. Another factor, scientists say, may be the type of kelp. Bull kelp is dominant up north and giant kelp is.